Zedekiah

Zedekiah
   Righteousness of Jehovah.
   1) The last king of Judah. He was the third son of Josiah, and his mother's name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah, and hence he was the brother of Jehoahaz (2 Kings 23:31; 24:17, 18). His original name was Mattaniah; but when Nebuchadnezzar placed him on the throne as the successor to Jehoiachin he changed his name to Zedekiah. The prophet Jeremiah was his counsellor, yet "he did evil in the sight of the Lord" (2 Kings 24:19, 20; Jer. 52:2, 3). He ascended the throne at the age of twenty-one years. The kingdom was at that time tributary to Nebuchadnezzar; but, despite the strong remonstrances of Jeremiah and others, as well as the example of Jehoiachin, he threw off the yoke of Babylon, and entered into an alliance with Hophra, king of Egypt. This brought up Nebuchadnezzar, "with all his host" (2 King 25:1), against Jerusalem. During this siege, which lasted about eighteen months, "every worst woe befell the devoted city, which drank the cup of God's fury to the dregs" (2 Kings 25:3; Lam. 4:4, 5, 10). The city was plundered and laid in ruins. Zedekiah and his followers, attempting to escape, were made captive and taken to Riblah. There, after seeing his own children put to death, his own eyes were put out, and, being loaded with chains, he was carried captive (B.C. 588) to Babylon (2 Kings 25:1-7; 2 Chr. 36:12; Jer. 32:4, 5; 34:2, 3; 39:1-7; 52:4-11; Ezek. 12:12), where he remained a prisoner, how long is unknown, to the day of his death.
   After the fall of Jerusalem, Nebuzaraddan was sent to carry out its complete destruction. The city was razed to the ground. Only a small number of vinedressers and husbandmen were permitted to remain in the land (Jer. 52:16). Gedaliah, with a Chaldean guard stationed at Mizpah, ruled over Judah (2 Kings 25:22, 24; jer. 40:1, 2, 5, 6).
   2) The son of Chenaanah, a false prophet in the days of Ahab (1 Kings 22:11, 24; 2 Chr. 18:10, 23).
   3) The son of Hananiah, a prince of Judah in the days of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:12).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ZEDEKIAH — ZEDEKIAH, the name of several biblical figures. (1) The son of Chenaanah, one of the prophets of Samaria in the time of ahab king of Israel and jehoshaphat king of Judah (I Kings 22; II Chron. 18). Zedekiah appears to have been one of the court… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zedekiah — Kings of Judah Saul • David • Solomon • Rehoboam • Abijah • Asa • Jehoshaphat • Jehoram • Ahaziah • Athaliah • J(eh)oash • Amaziah • Uzziah/Azariah • Jotham • Ahaz • Hezekiah • Manasseh • Amon • Josiah • Jehoahaz • Jehoiaki …   Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah — /zed i kuy euh/, n. 1. Also, Zidkijah. the last king of Judah. II Kings 24, 25; Jer. 52:1 11. 2. a male given name. * * * ▪ king of Judah original name  Mattaniah  flourished 6th century BC       king of Judah (597–587/586 BC) whose reign ended… …   Universalium

  • Zedekiah —    1) (Mattaniah) (fl. 6th cent BCE)    King of Judah (597 586 BCE), son of Josiah. He was origi nally called Mattaniah, but took the name Zedekiah when he was appointed king by Nebuchadnezzar in succession to Jehoiachin. Initially he refused to… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Zedekiah — The last king of Judah, placed on the throne by the Babylonian conqueror Nebuchadnezzar in 597 BCE (2 Kgs. 24:17). Jeremiah advised him to live and reign under Babylonian rule but he rebelled; Jerusalem was again besieged and captured, and… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Zedekiah's Cave — in the early 20th century. Zedekiah s Cave – also known as Solomon s Quarries – is a 5 acre (20,000 m2) underground meleke limestone quarry that runs the length of five city blocks under the Muslim Quarter of the Old City of Jerusalem. It was… …   Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah ben Abraham Anaw — was an author of Jewish ritualistic works and younger brother of Benjamin ben Abraham Anaw. He lived at Rome in the thirteenth century; received his Talmudic training not only in Rome, but also in Germany, where he was the pupil of R. Jacob of… …   Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah Kidwell — (January 4, 1814 ndash; April 27, 1872) was a nineteenth century politician, physician, lawyer, teacher and clerk from Virginia and West Virginia.Born in Fairfax, Virginia, Kidwell received an English education and studied medicine. He moved to… …   Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah — Zedekia (hebr. צדקיהו‎) war der letzte König des Reiches Juda (Südreich) in der Königszeit Israels. Er wurde von König Nebukadnezar II., Großkönig Babylons, zum König eingesetzt, nachdem dieser etwa im Dezember 598 v. Chr. (Monat Kislew) gegen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Zedekiah — /zɛdəˈkaɪə/ (say zeduh kuyuh) noun Old Testament the last king of Judah, whose sons were slain before his eyes, and his eyes then put out …  

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”